There is also criticism that countries are failing to meet their emission reduction targets, and that global greenhouse gas emissions continue to rise, jeopardizing the goal of not warming the planet beyond 1.5 degrees Celsius
The world climate conference COP28 in Dubai opens today against the background of leaks according to which ten large oil deals will also be held as part of it, contrary to the words of its organizers according to which the world climate conference will be an important landmark in the global efforts to deal with the climate crisis.
The Climate Conference brings together every year heads of state, government officials, business and company leaders, private sector representatives, academics, experts and youth, and is expected to include over 70,000 official participants this time and tens of thousands more visitors.
This year's conference will begin with a leaders' summit (1-2.12) in which President Yitzhak Herzog will take part and in which he will also meet with other leaders and speak on behalf of the State of Israel.
The goals of the conference are to set binding targets on reducing greenhouse gas emissions, to identify and evaluate climate measures, and to promote international cooperation on the subject. The action plan of the presidency of the COP28 climate conference for realizing the pillars of the Paris Agreement focuses on four main areas:
- Accelerating the transition to renewable energy
- Promoting climate finance
- Placing nature, people and their livelihoods at the core of climate action
- Promoting full integration
The main agenda of the conference will include:
- Global review of progress on climate goals
- A work plan to reduce emissions
- A global goal for adapting to climate change
- Climate finance, including financial arrangements to compensate for damages caused by climate change
A setback in the progress to transition to clean energy
However, behind the scenes, not only will there be progress in these goals, but there will also be a setback due to the UAE's plan to use its role as host of the conference to promote oil and gas deals. Leaked documents reveal plans to discuss such deals with 15 countries.
There is criticism that this conduct contradicts the "cardinal principle" required of the president of the conference - the duty of impartiality. The conference should operate without personal interests or biases.
The proposed deals include the joint development of new oil and gas reserves, contrary to the position of the International Energy Agency, which calls for the development of new fields to be avoided.
There is concern that the loss of confidence in the conference could prevent progress in addressing the climate crisis. Success will be measured by the results achieved at the summit.
There is also criticism that countries are failing to meet their emission reduction targets, and that global greenhouse gas emissions continue to rise, jeopardizing the goal of not warming the planet beyond 1.5 degrees Celsius.
US President Joe Biden will not attend the COP28 climate conference
The President of the United States, Joe Biden, will not attend the conference. The main reasons for this are that Biden was busy trying to achieve a ceasefire between Israel and Hamas and the release of hostages held by Hamas. His senior adviser on climate matters, John Kerry, noted that Biden is also busy with the war in Ukraine. In general, the article states that it is unacceptable for the US president to come to every climate conference, and that the work can be done by John Kerry and others.
The US is criticized for not meeting its obligations to help developing countries transition to clean energy and adapt to climate change.
Whereas the European Council adopted in October 2023 the European Position for the Climate Conference, which emphasizes the opportunities inherent in ambitious climate actions for the planet, the global economy and society. The position calls for increased international cooperation and quick and targeted actions to achieve the climate goals, while emphasizing a just transition to a sustainable economy that is immune to climate change.
Israeli participation will be reduced
Israel will be represented by a senior professional delegation led by the Ministry of Environmental Protection and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
"The Israeli presence will be adapted to the circumstances created following the war, but will still include a government delegation, an Israeli pavilion, albeit in a reduced format, in the center of the conference area, and the participation of representatives of climate technology companies from the Takuma Valley and the south." Minister Silman says.
The companies and start-ups will present their solutions to create business relationships with potential investors. The government representatives in the Israeli delegation will focus on the ongoing negotiations as part of the conference on the climate goals for the coming years. The start-up companies joining the delegation: UBQ company (Kibbutz Tzalim), Akologic company (Kibbutz Boror Hail), Agil company (formerly Camelot.ai) (Nir-Am greenhouse), and Emnotion company (InNegev greenhouse, Rahat).
Also, Israel will join a number of international initiatives on agriculture and food security, gender, health and climate, renewable energies and emissions reduction, and more.
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